https://journal.iaingorontalo.ac.id/index.php/al/issue/feed Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal) 2021-09-14T05:32:13+00:00 Enni Akhmad ennimakassar@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal) </strong> <strong>aims at and focuses</strong> on publishing research-based and conceptual articles in the area of English and Arabic Education, Linguistics and Literatures from researchers, academicians, students, professional, and practitioners from all over the world. <strong>The scopes of Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal)</strong> are English and Arabic language teaching and learning, English and Arabic language testing and assessment, English and Arabic language instructional materials , Curriculum design and development in ELT and Arabic Language Teaching, Information and Communication Technology in ELT and Arabic Language Teaching, Applied linguistics, English language acquisition, Discourse analysis, Translation Studies.</div> <hr /> https://journal.iaingorontalo.ac.id/index.php/al/article/view/1932 Overview of the Nursing Students' Needs: The Initial Step in Designing English Instructional Materials 2021-09-14T05:25:57+00:00 Yulan M. Puluhulawa yulanpuluhulawa@umgo.ac.id Ana Mariana anamariana@umgo.ac.id Rona Febriyona Mansur febriyona.rona@yahoo.com <p><em>Numerous factors influence students' learning outcomes. Among them is the teaches' use of high-quality instructional materials. Essentially, teachers provide materials to assist students in comprehending the material on a subject to reach&nbsp;the goal properly. When teaching English to nursing students, materials should be based on the students' unique needs, which are addressed in English for Specific Purposes (ESP). This research aimed to describe nursing students' needs for&nbsp;English Instructional Material&nbsp;in University context. This study employed mix method. The data collection techniques used were document, interview, and questionnaire. The document analysis revealed that the learning materials did not meet the needs of nursing students seeking to advance their careers. Additionally, the questionnaire and interview analysis results demonstrate the critical nature of developing English teaching materials for nursing students. As a result, English teaching materials for nursing students are needed to assist them in mastering the English language skills necessary to support their professional careers.t their professional carrier. </em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2021-09-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Yulan M. Puluhulawa, Ana Mariana, Rona Febriyona Mansur https://journal.iaingorontalo.ac.id/index.php/al/article/view/2158 Exploring Figurative Language in Rupi Kaur’s Selected Poems 2021-09-14T05:26:39+00:00 Ayuni Heda hedaayuni@gmail.com Barli Bram barli@usd.ac.id <p>This study explored figurative language or figures of speech used in the seven poems entitled <em>Home, Time, Self-love, Self-hate, The Construction Site of Our Future, Long-distance, </em>and<em> It Is So Full Here in Myself</em> by Rupi Kaur. The researchers used a descriptive qualitative method. Library research was used as the technique in collecting the data. The data were collected from Kaur’s poem book entitled <em>The Sun and Her </em>Flowers and analysed using the figurative language or figures of speech proposed by Abrams and Harpham (2015). Results showed four types of figurative language used in Kaur’s selected poems: personification, nine instances; simile, six occurrences; hyperbole, six occurrences; and metaphor, three examples</p> 2021-09-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ayuni Heda, Barli Bram https://journal.iaingorontalo.ac.id/index.php/al/article/view/2176 Realia-Mediated Instruction: An Effective Tool for Improving Young Learners' Vocabulary Skills 2021-09-14T05:27:23+00:00 Muhammad Safdar Bhatti safdarbhatti2001@gmail.com Alvons Habibie habibievons@iaingorontalo.ac.id Shaista Noreen noreenshaista2@gmail.com Sabir Hussain sabirhussainrana@gmail.com Shahla Bajwa shahla.bajwa8@gmail.com <p>A foreign language&nbsp;teacher often employs realia to strengthen pupils' association between words and objects. The current study investigates real-life activities that improve vocabulary learning in the English language and the impact of realia on improving students' vocabulary learning performance. It was an experimental study with only post-test design. Forty students participated in the study. The data were collected and analyzed statistically. The results revealed that vital activities used for vocabulary development were menu selection, game recognition, picture identification, activity identification, magazine adds understanding, and identification of cities and map reading, respectively. It was evident that the experimental group performed better when compared with the control group. The study suggested that students may focus their attention, stimulate their interest, give them real impact, make them aware, and modernize their language learning through vocabulary improvement.</p> 2021-09-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Muhammad Safdar Bhatti, Alvons Habibie, Shaista Noreen , Sabir Hussain; Shahla Bajwa https://journal.iaingorontalo.ac.id/index.php/al/article/view/2197 An Analysis of Appraisal System of Paw Patrol Lyric 2021-09-14T05:28:13+00:00 Dhion Meitreya Vidhiasi mvdhion@gmail.com <p>Hero-themed children’s films are always fun for children. The PAW Patrol film series is a spectacle aimed at pre-school-age children. The film’s main characters are one 10-year-old child and six puppies. This study aimed to look at the Appraisal System contained in the lyrics of the opening song of the PAW Patrol series, which aired on the NickJr channel. The researcher wanted to find the dominant Appraisal System in the lyrics. The researcher also wanted to know how the lyricist positioned the listeners and viewers of the film through the song’s lyrics. The data analyzed were the lyric of the opening song of the PAW Patrol film series. The data were then analyzed using Martin and White’s Appraisal System theory. Researchers used qualitative descriptive methods in analyzing the data. The results showed the three Appraisal sub-systems; Attitude, Engagement, and Graduation, are found in the lyrics of the PAW Patrol opening song. The dominant appraisal system was Graduation. Listeners or moviegoers are positioned as people who receive the image of the heroic act shown in the song's lyrics.</p> 2021-09-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dhion Meitreya Vidhiasi https://journal.iaingorontalo.ac.id/index.php/al/article/view/2172 The Existence of Arabic Learning in Universities amid the COVID-19 Outbreak: Opportunities and Challenges 2021-09-14T05:28:58+00:00 Aulia Mustika Ilmiani aulia.mustika.ilmiani@iain-palangkaraya.ac.id Ahmadi Ahmadi ahmadiiainplk@yahoo.co.id <p>The Arabic language has peculiarity and differentiating characteristics that distinguish it from other foreign languages. This study investigates the existence of Arabic language learning during the pandemic period by conducting a thorough review of the Arabic language learning process from both an internal and an external standpoint. The method of writing this article is based on a study of literature comparison. The author conducts an online search for primary literature using valid criteria, and a reputable source—data analysis is performed using the content analysis paradigm. This study demonstrated the positive impact on the internal environment: 1) Lecturers and students gained greater proficiency in using applications that can be integrated into the learning process. 2) The assignment method changes from academic to project-based assignments, 3) Students become more proficient in using social media as tools for learning. 4) Arabic learning occurs from any location and at any time of day. The internal negative consequences are as follows: 1) memorizing qawaid or tashrif, in which case it is not easy to assess students' abilities through online instruction without face-to-face interaction; 2) Explanation of the material when face to face is considered more straightforward; 3) Unstable networks cause the inability to concentrate and focus. The external consequences are as follows: 1) a large number of linguistic webinars about Arabic, 2) The number of research references, research articles, and scientific journals are growing; 3) It is becoming easier to hold memorandums of understanding between collages from different regions.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-09-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Aulia Mustika Ilmiani Aulia, Ahmadi Ahmadi https://journal.iaingorontalo.ac.id/index.php/al/article/view/2117 The Figurative Language in David Campbell’s Poem “Night Sowing” and Their Translation into “Menyemai di Malam Hari” 2021-09-14T05:29:54+00:00 I Made Juliarta Madejuliarta330@gmail.com I Gede Nika Wirawan nika.wirawan@stikom-bali.ac.id <p>This study aims to find out the types of figurative language found in David Campbell’s poem “Night Sowing” and their translation “<em>Menyemai di Malam Hari” </em>and to find out the meanings of the figurative language found in David Campbell’s poem “Night Sowing” and their translation “<em>Menyemai di Malam Hari”.</em> This study used the theory proposed by Larson (1998:121). In collecting data, this study used the library research method, and the data were collected in some steps to obtain appropriate and sufficient data. The steps in getting the data of this writing were done by reading attentively and accurately with the focus on the figurative languages in the poem. The result of study revealed that metonymy, idiom and personification are the types of figurative languages found in the data source. In translating the idiomatic expression, it needs the proper strategy so that the meaning in the source language can still be maintained.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2021-09-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 I Made juliarta i made juliarta, I Gede Nika Wirawan https://journal.iaingorontalo.ac.id/index.php/al/article/view/2217 Investigating the Emergence of Digital Platforms for Listening Learning Proficiency 2021-09-14T05:31:04+00:00 Tira Nur Fitria tiranurfitria@gmail.com <p class="IEEEAbtract" style="line-height: normal; tab-stops: 13.5pt; margin: 0cm 42.5pt 10.0pt 42.55pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 11.0pt; font-weight: normal;">This study investigates the use of any platforms in English language teaching and learning, especially in listening skills. This research design is qualitative. From the result, it shows that some technologies available both online or offline include applications or platforms that provide many choices for listening to English, they are. 1) Music platform. These platforms can be found in PlayStore, such as Joox and Spotify recommends songs for listening skills. 2) Youtube channel. Many YouTube channels for learning English listening skills include 1) Voice of America (VOA), BBC Learning English, Learn English with TV Series, English with Lucy, and Oxford Online English. 3) Podcasts. Both BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) and VoA (Voice of America). These Podcasts offer listening skills. The other podcasts are “The English We Speak, Podcast in English, Better at English, Luke’s English Podcast, Espresso English Podcast, Anchor FM” etc. 4) Websites that are pretty representative in practicing the listening skills such as Sound English, ESL-Lab, English listening, Ello, learn English British Council, Daily ESL, Story Nory, Story Line, which can be accessed. Learning English through several applications above can be an alternative for students in practicing and improving their English listening skills. Listening exercises can be carried out by using interesting listening strategies when learning English. It depends on the teachers/lecturers who teach listening subjects and the students who learn English materials. </span></p> 2021-09-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Tira Nur Fitria https://journal.iaingorontalo.ac.id/index.php/al/article/view/2135 The Use of Reading Speed Strategy in Promoting Reading Comprehension among EFL Students with Learning Disabilities 2021-09-14T05:32:13+00:00 Mohamad Ahmad Saleem Khasawneh drkhasawneh77@gmail.com <p>This study explored the effect of developing reading comprehension among English language students with learning disabilities using the reading speed strategy, identifying the effect of both gender, and teaching method on developing reading comprehension. To achieve the aim of the study, a test was prepared to measure reading comprehension after ensuring its validity and reliability. The study population consisted of all (200) students studying English language in the schools of the Directorate of Education for the Second Irbid Region for the second semester of the academic year 2020/2021. The study was applied to a sample of (80) male and female students, who were selected in the simple method. The participants were distributed into two experimental groups, which received the training, and another two control groups, which studied the same educational material in the traditional method. The test was applied to the study groups before starting the implementation of the study to ensure the equality of groups. The results showed clear differences in the mean scores of the experimental group students and those of the control group students, and in favor of the experimental group. The results also showed that there were no differences between the mean scores of the students' scores attributed to gender.</p> 2021-09-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Mohmmad khasawneh