Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal) <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal) </strong> <strong>aims at and focuses</strong> on publishing research-based and conceptual articles in the area of English and Arabic Education, Linguistics and Literatures from researchers, academicians, students, professional, and practitioners from all over the world. <strong>The scopes of Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal)</strong> are English and Arabic language teaching and learning, English and Arabic language testing and assessment, English and Arabic language instructional materials , Curriculum design and development in ELT and Arabic Language Teaching, Information and Communication Technology in ELT and Arabic Language Teaching, Applied linguistics, English language acquisition, Discourse analysis, Translation Studies.</div> <hr /> LP2M IAIN Sultan Amai Gorontalo en-US Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal) 2442-8965 <h3 class="mycustom-background">Copyright Notice</h3> <p>Authors who publish in Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal) agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0) License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> Similes of Woman and Man in the Book of Song of Songs <p>The study aimed to identify the types of similes of woman and man in the Bible book, Song of Songs, and their underlying principal metaphor. While the Songs of Songs’ figurative language is commonly analyzed through the lens of historical and pure literary approaches, the authors analyzed it using the cognitive linguistics framework. Qualitative content analysis was employed as the method. The findings showed that the similes of the woman (35) outnumbered similes of the man (12), and they grouped into 7 types, namely Architectural, Artefactual, Botanical, Celestial, Comestible, Topographic, and Zoomorphic. The similes are mostly zoomorphic (13) and botanical (12). The similes represented the woman mainly as A Protected City, while the man as A City Protector. It was argued that the underlying metaphor of all similes of woman and man in the Song of Songs is Love Is Protection. The findings may contribute as an alternative way of reading and understanding figurative language in the Song of Songs.</p> Dayan Domisianus Toar Barli Bram Copyright (c) 2023 Dayan Domisianus Toar , Barli Bram 2023-02-28 2023-02-28 8 1 1 12 10.30603/al.v8i1.3090 Investigating Factors Underlying Boredom in Learning English: The Case of Secondary School <p>Former studies have demonstrated that the success of language learning is influenced by several factors such as cognitive, affective, and social factors. Learners with high motivation in learning will surely influence their success in language learning. On the other hand, those who have a poor motivation to learn will result in poor academic achievement. One of the affective factors that have also affected learners’ progress in language learning is boredom in language learning. Drawing on the qualitative lens, the current study has attempted to investigate factors underlying this notion at the secondary school level. Six learners voluntarily participated in this study as the research participants. In the meantime, a written reflection (WR) and Focus-Group Discussion (FGD) were distributed to them so as to know such factors underlying their boredom in learning English. The findings indicated that factors underlying learners’ boredom in language learning include classroom factors, linguistic factors, teaching and learning factors, and environmental factors. These findings have given an empirical contribution to the school. Suggestions are also put forward at the end of this paper.</p> Achmad Kholili Copyright (c) 2023 Achmad Kholili 2023-02-28 2023-02-28 8 1 13 32 10.30603/al.v8i1.3185 Utilizing English Videos as Listening Instructional Media to Promote EFL Students' Listening Proficiency <p>The delivery of listening instructions proved difficult for students, who also lacked interest in English subjects. One potential solution to improve their listening skills could be the use of effective learning media that engages their interest in the subject matter. The purposes of this study were to investigate students’ listening proficiency and figure out students’ perceptions of utilizing videos as media for learning English listening subjects. A quantitative research design was applied to gather the data required through a test and questionnaire. Furthermore, a test was used to gather data related to students' listening ability, and a questionnaire was used to find out students' perceptions of utilizing videos as sources of learning listening. Respondents in this study were twenty-five students from the eleventh grade of SMK N 1 Pleret, Yogyakarta. The findings of the present study revealed that the total mean score (????̅) of the students' test results was 76,8, which is categorized as a "Fair" level of achievement. Other findings revealed that the use of video brings a positive impact on students' learning situation because the use of videos made it possible for students to actively participated in their listening class activities. The results indicated that students enjoy watching videos, and believe that watching videos could enhance their listening proficiency. Besides, videos provide visual elements which can be the key element in assisting students to enhance their listening ability.</p> Intan Dewi Rakhmawati Sayit Abdul Karim Punta Riyadi Suryantara Copyright (c) 2023 Intan Dewi Rakhmawati, Sayit Abdul Karim, Punta Riyadi Suryantara 2023-02-28 2023-02-28 8 1 33 44 10.30603/al.v8i1.3272 Critical Discourse Analysis of Moral Values in EFL Textbook for Senior High School <p>This study aims to determine the description of the moral values contained in the English textbook for class XI Senior High School, which the Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia approved. The present study uses Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) with a qualitative design method. This study uses critical discourse analysis to determine the moral values in visual and verbal texts. The study found the English textbook contains moral values in behaving in the surrounding environment, both in individual and in groups. Another thing is that most of what is listed in this English textbook contains moral values such as a sense of responsibility for oneself and others. The other findings, a sense of concern for the surrounding environment and concern for others, are described from visual and verbal texts. Thus, the moral values found in this textbook need to be known by teachers and students so that they can think more critically and read about understanding moral values such as a sense of responsibility, care, and concern.</p> M.A. Silmi Mahrudin Didin Nuruddin Hidayat Nida Husna Alek Alek Copyright (c) 2023 M.A. Silmi Mahrudin, Didin Nuruddin Hidayat, Nida Husna, Alek Alek 2023-02-28 2023-02-28 8 1 45 61 10.30603/al.v8i1.3287 Readability Analysis of Arabic Book Based on Character Values <p>One strategy in determining the success of learning is textbooks or schoolbooks. However, we often find books that are not up to standard and impact student understanding. Understanding the book’s contents is so closely related to the ease or difficulty of the material, or is called readability that the contents of the text need to be evaluated and adjusted to the competence of students so that learning objectives are achieved not only increase in the academic field but also students' moral behavior. This research aims to describe the readability of discourse based on the fog index formula statistically and compiled descriptively and then to analyze the character values based on the profile of Pancasila students published by the Standards, Curriculum, and Education Assessment Agency (BSKAP). This research was designed using a qualitative descriptive method with a content analysis model. The results of the study readability level in this book are 2.44, which means that this value belongs to the very easy-to-read category. This book fulfills the character values of the Pancasila students’ profile; namely: (1) having faith, fearing God Almighty, and having noble characters, (2) global diversity, (3) working together, (4) being independent, (5) critical reasoning, and (6) being creative.</p> Triya Fadhilah Dhianty Putri Rinaldi Supriadi Mohamad Zaka Al Farisi Copyright (c) 2023 Triya Fadhilah Dhianty Putri, Rinaldi Supriadi, Mohamad Zaka Al Farisi 2023-02-28 2023-02-28 8 1 62 78 10.30603/al.v8i1.3313