Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal) <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal) </strong> <strong>aims at and focuses</strong> on publishing research-based and conceptual articles in the area of English and Arabic Education, Linguistics and Literatures from researchers, academicians, students, professional, and practitioners from all over the world. <strong>The scopes of Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal)</strong> are English and Arabic language teaching and learning, English and Arabic language testing and assessment, English and Arabic language instructional materials , Curriculum design and development in ELT and Arabic Language Teaching, Information and Communication Technology in ELT and Arabic Language Teaching, Applied linguistics, English language acquisition, Discourse analysis, Translation Studies.</div> <hr /> en-US <h3 class="mycustom-background">Copyright Notice</h3> <p>Authors who publish in Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal) agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0) License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> (Enni Akhmad) (Alvons) Mon, 28 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 A Confirmation of Indonesian EFL Students' Achievement and Views in Translation through Mobile-Assisted Language Learning <p>MALL in translation is increasingly prevalent among Indonesian EFL students due to ICT development and practical usage in teaching and learning. In addressing this issue, this research assessed the students' success and understanding by using MALL to translate a coronavirus text. There are four issues to consider: 1) Is MALL helpful in improving students' translation abilities? 2) How do students see MALL translate a text from English to Indonesian? 3) How does MALL help them cope with language competency when translating a text from English to Indonesian? 4) What challenges do students have while translating a text from English to Indonesian using MALL? This research was performed using qualitative and quantitative methods (Mix Methods). The research possessed 85 undergraduate students from East Jakarta and South Sulawesi as the respondents. Data was amassed through an online survey, a semi-structured interview, and document analysis. After attending the MALL online learning session, a paired-sample t-test indicated a significantly different score across the students. According to the survey, interview, and document analysis findings, they had a positive attitude about MALL for translation. They had acquired powerful support in terms of word order, word choice, and sentence structure. Nonetheless, most of them agreed that the technical issue and the lack of assistance were the most significant obstacles to successfully operating the MALL for translation.</p> Danti Pudjiati, Sianna, Tira Nur Fitria Copyright (c) 2022 Sianna, Danti Pudjiati, Tira Nur Fitria Mon, 28 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Development of Web-Based English Proficiency Test Model for EFL Classroom <p>The digital transformation of higher education institutions is a critical concern that several stakeholders in education must address; however, abilities to apply ICT in all spheres of life are still evolving, most notably Web-based tests to assess students' English proficiency. This research aims to produce a Web-Based English proficiency test for the English Education Study Program in State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Sultan Amai Gorontalo. The type of this research was Research and Development (R&amp;D). The researcher modified Borg and Gall's development research model, which consisted of five steps:(1) evaluation of material and media experts, (2) one-on-one trial, (3) small group trial, (4) field trial, and (5) the final product.The evaluation was conducted by a media and material expert. The trial subjects consisted of 40 students: 12 students of one-to-one trial, 20 students of small group trial, and 40 students of field trial (including those in one-to-one and small group trial students). The data collection instrumentsused was an evaluation sheet for material expert, media expert, and a questionnaire for students involved in the display and the web system aspects. The data were analyzed by using descriptive quantitative, and qualitative techniques. The research result revealed that the Web-Based Test of English proficiency for English Program,developed determined by the media expert, indicated that the web display aspect assessed “good” (4,07). Meanwhile, the evaluation result from media expertsshowed from the system aspect considered “good” (4,10). The final product of this research was a web-based test for English Proficiency with the domain address <a href=""></a>.</p> Hasan Ayuba, Aleeyah Masae Copyright (c) 2022 Hasan Ayuba, Aleeyah Masae Mon, 28 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Teenagers Language Politeness Strategy on Social Media WhatsApp Based on Level of Education <p>Language politeness in social media is still often ignored. The article aims to describe teenagers' politeness strategies in social media conversations, especially in the WhatsApp group of junior high schools, senior high schools, and colleges. The research was quantitative and qualitative descriptive, and the population was complete sentences in WhatsApp group conversations. The period of recording the conversation with each group is during September 2021. The data collection technique is by exporting the conversation data to Ms. Words. The data were arranged based on the entry date, then coded using Brown &amp; Levinson's politeness theory. The interpretation of the data classification results used the approach of Makassar's cultural perspective. The findings showed that in social media WhatsApp, the teenagers talked more frequently used three kinds of politeness strategies. 1) Bald on record involving questions, commands, and requests. Teenagers use this strategy from three-level of education. 2) Positive strategies involve jokes, identity, and paying attention. The college and high schools teenagers use jokes and identity. However, paying attention's strategy is just used by college teenagers. 3) Negative strategies include apologies, be-thankful, and questions. College and high schools teenagers use the apology and thank strategies. Nevertheless, teenagers from the high school level only used negative politeness in asking questions. In conclusion, the level of education of teenagers determines the use of politeness strategy in social media. The implication is that teachers and stakeholders pay more attention to students' language politeness building, especially in speaking politely to others, so their interaction is harmonious with their communities. </p> Riska , Serliana Serliana, Gusnawaty, Ikhwan M. Said Copyright (c) 2022 Riska , Serliana Serliana, Gusnawaty, Ikhwan M. Said Mon, 28 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Exploring The Relationship between Project-Based Learning and Collaborative Skills: EFL Learners’ Voices <p>This research aims to measure EFL learners' perceived project-based learning and examine whether there is a correlation between project-based learning and EFL learners' collaborative skills. This research used a correlational study using Spearman Product Moment based on non-parametric data. The data were gathered using a closed-ended questionnaire. The sample consisted of 100 (17 male and 83 female) Indonesian University EFL learners recruited using convenience sampling. The findings indicated that more than 70% of learners' perceptions of project-based learning positively impact their collaborative skills. The benefits of project-based learning include enhancing learners' motivation, teamwork, communication, creativity, and problem-solving abilities. The next finding is a strong correlation between project-based learning, which significantly generated Sig. (p-value) = 0.000 &lt; α = 0.05. Some previous studies reported that project-based learning positively correlates with collaborative skills.</p> Santi Andriyani, Syafiul Anam Copyright (c) 2022 Santi Andriyani, Syafiul Anam Mon, 28 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Developing Intercultural Competence Awareness in Language Classroom: A View from FL Teachers <p>Language and culture are now considered interwoven, as culture becomes an integral part of learning a foreign language. This study aims to ascertain FL lecturers' perspectives on intercultural education and classroom procedures, including instructional materials, classroom activities, assessment, and the role of teachers in fostering intercultural awareness. Six lecturers were surveyed in this study. The six lecturers include three Arabic language education lecturers and three English language education lecturers with roughly five years of teaching experience. The data collection instrument is an interview guideline. The findings indicated that instructors acknowledged the importance of integrating culture into FL classrooms via various strategies and methods. Their statements include the following: they are frequently compelled to keep to textbook activities and activities previously prepared for the textbook since they have little time in class to address cultural concerns due to the syllabi's high expectations.</p> Muh. Arif, Harni Jusuf Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Arif, Harni Jusuf Mon, 28 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Hierarchy of Arthur’s Needs: A Reflection of Psychological and Social Problems in Joker Movie <p>The film brings a cultural instrument that educates people. People can see the psychological aspects through the characters and social situation, which influences the characterization in the film. This study examines Joker (2019) a movie containing the psychological conflicts and the society problems of discrimination system in this era which affects much on the character of Arthur who suffers <em>pseudobulbar affect</em>. The researchers used Maslow’s Theory of Human Needs to analyze Arthur’s need to reflect society’s problem needs. A descriptive qualitative method was used in this study because it focused on the human needs of the main character. The primary data was taken from the dialogue in the film, while the secondary data was from articles discussing Arthur Fleck and society as the film's setting. The technique of collecting data was documentation while analyzing data was divided into three stages. First was data reduction; the researcher classified the data of Arthur ‘s needs and explained why they are classified into those categories. The second was data display; the data is structured and presented so that it is easier to be understood. Then, the researchers presented the data into the display categorized on each dialogue that reflected Arthur’s needs levels and the social problems faced by Arthur. Finally, the conclusion was delivered by describing Maslow's data and theory of human needs and elaborating the description of social issues at that era. The result revealed Arthur Fleck had difficulty fulfilling his basic human needs such as physiological, safety, love and belongingness and esteem needs because of the government's broken system and how society treats a person who suffers mental health disorder like Arthur Fleck. The failure to fulfill those needs has made Arthur actualize himself as the cold-blooded clown, The Joker. Then, it helps him to be recognized and being acknowledged by others.</p> Indah Saud, Indah Diah Utari Mahajani Copyright (c) 2022 Indah Saud, Indah Diah Utari Mahajani Mon, 28 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000