Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal) <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal) </strong> <strong>aims at and focuses</strong> on publishing research-based and conceptual articles in the area of English and Arabic Education, Linguistics and Literatures from researchers, academicians, students, professional, and practitioners from all over the world. <strong>The scopes of Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal)</strong> are English and Arabic language teaching and learning, English and Arabic language testing and assessment, English and Arabic language instructional materials , Curriculum design and development in ELT and Arabic Language Teaching, Information and Communication Technology in ELT and Arabic Language Teaching, Applied linguistics, English language acquisition, Discourse analysis, Translation Studies.</div> <hr /> en-US <h3 class="mycustom-background">Copyright Notice</h3> <p>Authors who publish in Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal) agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0) License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> (Enni Akhmad) (Alvons) Tue, 31 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Overview of the Nursing Students' Needs: The Initial Step in Designing English Instructional Materials <p><em>Numerous factors influence students' learning outcomes. Among them is the teaches' use of high-quality instructional materials. Essentially, teachers provide materials to assist students in comprehending the material on a subject to reach&nbsp;the goal properly. When teaching English to nursing students, materials should be based on the students' unique needs, which are addressed in English for Specific Purposes (ESP). This research aimed to describe nursing students' needs for&nbsp;English Instructional Material&nbsp;in University context. This study employed mix method. The data collection techniques used were document, interview, and questionnaire. The document analysis revealed that the learning materials did not meet the needs of nursing students seeking to advance their careers. Additionally, the questionnaire and interview analysis results demonstrate the critical nature of developing English teaching materials for nursing students. As a result, English teaching materials for nursing students are needed to assist them in mastering the English language skills necessary to support their professional careers.t their professional carrier. </em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Yulan M. Puluhulawa, Ana Mariana, Rona Febriyona Mansur Copyright (c) 2021 Yulan M. Puluhulawa, Ana Mariana, Rona Febriyona Mansur Sun, 05 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Exploring Figurative Language in Rupi Kaur’s Selected Poems <p>This study explored figurative language or figures of speech used in the seven poems entitled <em>Home, Time, Self-love, Self-hate, The Construction Site of Our Future, Long-distance, </em>and<em> It Is So Full Here in Myself</em> by Rupi Kaur. The researchers used a descriptive qualitative method. Library research was used as the technique in collecting the data. The data were collected from Kaur’s poem book entitled <em>The Sun and Her </em>Flowers and analysed using the figurative language or figures of speech proposed by Abrams and Harpham (2015). Results showed four types of figurative language used in Kaur’s selected poems: personification, nine instances; simile, six occurrences; hyperbole, six occurrences; and metaphor, three examples</p> Ayuni Heda, Barli Bram Copyright (c) 2021 Ayuni Heda, Barli Bram Sun, 05 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Realia-Mediated Instruction: An Effective Tool for Improving Young Learners' Vocabulary Skills <p>A foreign language&nbsp;teacher often employs realia to strengthen pupils' association between words and objects. The current study investigates real-life activities that improve vocabulary learning in the English language and the impact of realia on improving students' vocabulary learning performance. It was an experimental study with only post-test design. Forty students participated in the study. The data were collected and analyzed statistically. The results revealed that vital activities used for vocabulary development were menu selection, game recognition, picture identification, activity identification, magazine adds understanding, and identification of cities and map reading, respectively. It was evident that the experimental group performed better when compared with the control group. The study suggested that students may focus their attention, stimulate their interest, give them real impact, make them aware, and modernize their language learning through vocabulary improvement.</p> Muhammad Safdar Bhatti, Alvons Habibie, Shaista Noreen , Sabir Hussain; Shahla Bajwa Copyright (c) 2021 Muhammad Safdar Bhatti, Alvons Habibie, Shaista Noreen , Sabir Hussain; Shahla Bajwa Sun, 05 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 An Analysis of Appraisal System of Paw Patrol Lyric <p>Hero-themed children’s films are always fun for children. The PAW Patrol film series is a spectacle aimed at pre-school-age children. The film’s main characters are one 10-year-old child and six puppies. This study aimed to look at the Appraisal System contained in the lyrics of the opening song of the PAW Patrol series, which aired on the NickJr channel. The researcher wanted to find the dominant Appraisal System in the lyrics. The researcher also wanted to know how the lyricist positioned the listeners and viewers of the film through the song’s lyrics. The data analyzed were the lyric of the opening song of the PAW Patrol film series. The data were then analyzed using Martin and White’s Appraisal System theory. Researchers used qualitative descriptive methods in analyzing the data. The results showed the three Appraisal sub-systems; Attitude, Engagement, and Graduation, are found in the lyrics of the PAW Patrol opening song. The dominant appraisal system was Graduation. Listeners or moviegoers are positioned as people who receive the image of the heroic act shown in the song's lyrics.</p> Dhion Meitreya Vidhiasi Copyright (c) 2021 Dhion Meitreya Vidhiasi Sun, 05 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Existence of Arabic Learning in Universities amid the COVID-19 Outbreak: Opportunities and Challenges <p>The Arabic language has peculiarity and differentiating characteristics that distinguish it from other foreign languages. This study investigates the existence of Arabic language learning during the pandemic period by conducting a thorough review of the Arabic language learning process from both an internal and an external standpoint. The method of writing this article is based on a study of literature comparison. The author conducts an online search for primary literature using valid criteria, and a reputable source—data analysis is performed using the content analysis paradigm. This study demonstrated the positive impact on the internal environment: 1) Lecturers and students gained greater proficiency in using applications that can be integrated into the learning process. 2) The assignment method changes from academic to project-based assignments, 3) Students become more proficient in using social media as tools for learning. 4) Arabic learning occurs from any location and at any time of day. The internal negative consequences are as follows: 1) memorizing qawaid or tashrif, in which case it is not easy to assess students' abilities through online instruction without face-to-face interaction; 2) Explanation of the material when face to face is considered more straightforward; 3) Unstable networks cause the inability to concentrate and focus. The external consequences are as follows: 1) a large number of linguistic webinars about Arabic, 2) The number of research references, research articles, and scientific journals are growing; 3) It is becoming easier to hold memorandums of understanding between collages from different regions.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Aulia Mustika Ilmiani, Ahmadi Ahmadi Copyright (c) 2021 Aulia Mustika Ilmiani Aulia, Ahmadi Ahmadi Sun, 05 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Figurative Language in David Campbell’s Poem “Night Sowing” and Their Translation into “Menyemai di Malam Hari” <p>This study aims to find out the types of figurative language found in David Campbell’s poem “Night Sowing” and their translation “<em>Menyemai di Malam Hari” </em>and to find out the meanings of the figurative language found in David Campbell’s poem “Night Sowing” and their translation “<em>Menyemai di Malam Hari”.</em> This study used the theory proposed by Larson (1998:121). In collecting data, this study used the library research method, and the data were collected in some steps to obtain appropriate and sufficient data. The steps in getting the data of this writing were done by reading attentively and accurately with the focus on the figurative languages in the poem. The result of study revealed that metonymy, idiom and personification are the types of figurative languages found in the data source. In translating the idiomatic expression, it needs the proper strategy so that the meaning in the source language can still be maintained.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> I Made Juliarta, I Gede Nika Wirawan Copyright (c) 2021 I Made juliarta i made juliarta, I Gede Nika Wirawan Sun, 05 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Investigating the Emergence of Digital Platforms for Listening Learning Proficiency <p class="IEEEAbtract" style="line-height: normal; tab-stops: 13.5pt; margin: 0cm 42.5pt 10.0pt 42.55pt;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 11.0pt; font-weight: normal;">This study investigates the use of any platforms in English language teaching and learning, especially in listening skills. This research design is qualitative. From the result, it shows that some technologies available both online or offline include applications or platforms that provide many choices for listening to English, they are. 1) Music platform. These platforms can be found in PlayStore, such as Joox and Spotify recommends songs for listening skills. 2) Youtube channel. Many YouTube channels for learning English listening skills include 1) Voice of America (VOA), BBC Learning English, Learn English with TV Series, English with Lucy, and Oxford Online English. 3) Podcasts. Both BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) and VoA (Voice of America). These Podcasts offer listening skills. The other podcasts are “The English We Speak, Podcast in English, Better at English, Luke’s English Podcast, Espresso English Podcast, Anchor FM” etc. 4) Websites that are pretty representative in practicing the listening skills such as Sound English, ESL-Lab, English listening, Ello, learn English British Council, Daily ESL, Story Nory, Story Line, which can be accessed. Learning English through several applications above can be an alternative for students in practicing and improving their English listening skills. Listening exercises can be carried out by using interesting listening strategies when learning English. It depends on the teachers/lecturers who teach listening subjects and the students who learn English materials. </span></p> Tira Nur Fitria Copyright (c) 2021 Tira Nur Fitria Sun, 05 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Use of Reading Speed Strategy in Promoting Reading Comprehension among EFL Students with Learning Disabilities <p>This study explored the effect of developing reading comprehension among English language students with learning disabilities using the reading speed strategy, identifying the effect of both gender, and teaching method on developing reading comprehension. To achieve the aim of the study, a test was prepared to measure reading comprehension after ensuring its validity and reliability. The study population consisted of all (200) students studying English language in the schools of the Directorate of Education for the Second Irbid Region for the second semester of the academic year 2020/2021. The study was applied to a sample of (80) male and female students, who were selected in the simple method. The participants were distributed into two experimental groups, which received the training, and another two control groups, which studied the same educational material in the traditional method. The test was applied to the study groups before starting the implementation of the study to ensure the equality of groups. The results showed clear differences in the mean scores of the experimental group students and those of the control group students, and in favor of the experimental group. The results also showed that there were no differences between the mean scores of the students' scores attributed to gender.</p> Mohamad Ahmad Saleem Khasawneh Copyright (c) 2021 Mohmmad khasawneh Sun, 05 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000