Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal) <div style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal) </strong> <strong>aims at and focuses</strong> on publishing research-based and conceptual articles in the area of English and Arabic Education, Linguistics and Literatures from researchers, academicians, students, professional, and practitioners from all over the world. <strong>The scopes of Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal)</strong> are English and Arabic language teaching and learning, English and Arabic language testing and assessment, English and Arabic language instructional materials , Curriculum design and development in ELT and Arabic Language Teaching, Information and Communication Technology in ELT and Arabic Language Teaching, Applied linguistics, English language acquisition, Discourse analysis, Translation Studies.</div> <hr /> en-US <h3 class="mycustom-background">Copyright Notice</h3> <p>Authors who publish in Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal) agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0) License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> (Enni Akhmad) (Alvons) Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 The Role of Age in SLA: A Review of the Literature between 2012-2023 <p>Second Language Acquisition (SLA) is a complex process of acquiring a second language after a first language is already established, one of the factors is the age factor. Over the past few years, there has been a lot of study that argued that age plays an important role in learning a second language. Some studies stated that age has been considered a major factor in determining language learners’ success in second language acquisition. There is an assumption that the younger the learner, the better it is for them to acquire a second language. Even so, those studies did not specifically talk about how the role of age has an effect on second language acquisition. Therefore, in order to fill that gap, this study aimed to give some contribution in offering some answers regarding the role of age in second language acquisition. The result of this study indicated that age can be a contributing factor in someone’s second language acquisition. However, it is not the only driving factor since there are still so many variables that can affect one’s ability to acquire a second language.</p> <p> </p> Ghina Aulia Hasanah, Nasrullah Nasrullah Copyright (c) 2023 Ghina Aulia Hasanah, Nasrullah Nasrullah Tue, 19 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Developing English Teaching Materials through Self-Vlogging Based on Speaking at Tertiary Level <p>This study aimed at developing English Teaching Materials through Self-Vlogging Based on Speaking, explaining the quality of English Teaching Materials through Self-Vlogging Based Speaking, and knowing the students’ perceptions of English Teaching Materials through Self-Vlogging Based Speaking. The sample for this research was students in the 3rd semester of the English Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Sulawesi Barat University. Researchers used the Research and Development method as the research method with a development model, namely the 4D model (Define, Design, Develop, Disseminate) which was simplified into a 3D model (Define, Design, Develop). The sampling technique used was Probability Sampling, namely Simple Random Sampling. The research instrument was a questionnaire that was used to assess research products on the research product validation sheet and was also used to determine students' perceptions of research products. The results of this study were (1) English Teaching Materials through Self-Vlogging Based for Speaking. (2) The media validation showed that the indicators' scores are in the category of ‘good’ and ‘very good’,(3) English Teaching Materials through Self-Vlogging Based for Speaking has positive perceptions from students as an English teaching material to help students practice speaking according to their interests.</p> Erni Roswanti, Sukmawati Yasim, Muhammad Danial Copyright (c) 2023 Erni Roswanti, Sukmawati Yasim, Muhammad Danial Tue, 19 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Performance of Google Translate, Microsoft Translator, and DeepL Translator: Error Analysis of Translation Result <p>This research simulates the use of Google Translate and Microsoft Translator in translating Indonesian into English abstract and analyzes errors of translation results in the aspect of grammar and spelling using Grammarly Premium. This research is descriptive qualitative. The result analysis shows several writing issues (errors) of translation results using Microsoft Translator (MT), Google Translate (GT), and DeepL Translator (DT) in the aspect of clarity, correctness (correction), and delivery. First, there are 26 writing issues from MT including 1) 4 clarity (4 unclear sentences), 2) 21 correctness (2 comma misuse within clauses, 4 punctuation in compound/complex sentences, 5 wrong or missing prepositions, 3 incorrect verb forms, 2 determiner use, 2 conjunction use, 2 confusing words, 1 improper formatting), 3) 1 delivery (1 incomplete sentences). Second, there are 25 writing issues from GT including 1) 6 clarity (4 unclear sentences and 2 wordy sentences), 2) 17 correctness (1 misplaced word or phrase, 1 text inconsistencies, 1 comma misuse within clauses, 4 punctuation in compound/complex sentences, 3 wrong or missing prepositions, 3 incorrect verb forms, 2 conjunction use, 1 confusing word, and 1 determiner use.). 3) 2 delivery (2 incomplete sentences). Third, there are 10 writing issues from DT including 3 comma misuse within clauses, 1 incorrect noun number, 1 faulty subject-verb agreement, 1 wrong or missing preposition, 1 improper formatting, 1 misuse of modifiers, 1 conjunction use, and 1 confused word. Online translator including MT, GT, and DT may help in translating foreign language texts, but it does not always provide accurate translations. Thus, whether consciously or unconsciously, each translation machine contains its traits, whether directly or indirectly, human participation cannot be separated from machine translation technology. However, no computer translator can provide translations with the same precision as humans. It means that they are still a machine that is not able to match human capabilities equipped with feelings and thinking processes that describe them.</p> Tira Nur Fitria Copyright (c) 2023 Tira Nur Fitria Tue, 19 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Evaluation of Alleged Defamation: A Forensic Linguistics Analysis <p>Defamation remains a prevalent occurrence on a global scale. In Indonesia, the fervor surrounding the outcomes of the 2014 presidential election contestation has led to a noticeable escalation in the level of fanaticism among supporters of the respective presidential and vice-presidential candidates. Frequently, the act of posting tweets on the social media platform Twitter can result in the author becoming entangled in a legal dispute pertaining to defamation. The objective of this research is to investigate the potential occurrence of defamation committed by Natalius Pigai, the former National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM) member. The analytical framework employed in this study to assess the linguistic techniques employed in the data, with the aim of identifying potential instances of defamation, was Appraisal Theory as proposed by Martin and White (2005). The data was extracted from a Twitter post authored by Natalius Pigai (@NataliusPigai2) on October 1, 2021. The findings indicated that Jokowi and Ganjar were subjected to poor evaluation in relation to their treatment of the Papuan population. The presence of this adverse evaluation also gives rise to the possibility of defamation in accordance with the provisions outlined in the Criminal Code and the ITE Law. The presence of credible factual evidence supports the assertion that Natalius Pigai's tweet can be classified as hate speech, which has the potential to result in defamation. The findings derived from this study could potentially facilitate the application of law enforcement strategies in the Indonesian police investigation, as well as in other nations that are undertaking comparable reforms to those observed in Indonesia.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> Dhion Meitreya Vidhiasi, Aceng Ruhendi Saifullah, Andika Dutha Bachari Copyright (c) 2023 Dhion Meitreya Vidhiasi, Aceng Ruhendi Saifullah, Andika Dutha Bachari Tue, 19 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Comparison Results of Google Translate and Microsoft Translator on the Novel Mughamarah Zahrah Ma'a Ash-Syajarah by Yacoub Al-Sharouni <p>This research aims to compare the translation results of Google Translate and Microsoft Translator based on grammatical aspects devoted to <em>fi'il ma’lum-majhul</em>, <em>zaman al-fi'l</em>, and <em>dhamir</em>. This type of study is qualitative, comparative, and descriptive. The main source of data in this research is the novel <em>Mughamarah Zahrah Ma'a Ash-Shajarah</em> by Yacoub Al-Sharouni. Secondary data sources are literature related to Arabic grammatical rules, google Translate translation, and Microsoft translator. The data collection technique is translating a novel by a sentence from Arabic to Indonesian using Google Translate and Microsoft Translator and then recording it. Data validation techniques are performed by triangulation of data and time. Data analysis techniques use data reduction techniques, data presentation, and conclusions. The result of this research is that Google Translate produces good translations in terms of <em>fi'il ma'lum-majhul</em><em>. </em>Google Translate and Microsoft Translator are inconsistent in translating <em>zaman al-fi'l</em>, while Microsoft Translator produces good translations in terms of <em>dhamir</em>.</p> Heniatus Zahroh, Abdul Basid, Jumriyah Jumriyah Copyright (c) 2023 Heniatus Zahroh, Abdul Basid, Jumriyah Jumriyah Tue, 19 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Rhetorical Moves and Linguistic Realization: Corpus-Based Analysis of Bachelor Theses Abstracts in Islamic University <p>Recently, studies on rhetorical moves in undergraduate students' abstracts have gained popularity. It has been the focus of several disciplines, techniques, and methods. However, research in bachelor thesis abstracts, particularly in Islamic universities as the research site, is rarely explored. The purpose of this research is to determine the rhetorical moves of undergraduate thesis abstracts and to explain the regularities of rhetorical moves at Islamic university. The analysis guideline was based on Hyland's (2004) theory, and the AntMover program was utilized to aid with the analysis. The findings revealed that, while the occurrence of moves and steps varies by data group, there are certain required, conventional, and discretionary moves. Furthermore, this study discovered many sorts of rhetorical organization generated by the occurrences of moves and steps in students' abstracts. Some are in regular forms, while others are in irregular shapes. As a result, this study sheds light on the gap in rhetorical motion patterns in student abstracts. Then, certain proposals were made to bridge the gap in improving the quality of students, study programs, and institutions in general.</p> Andiani Rezkita Nabu Copyright (c) 2023 Andiani Rezkita Nabu Sun, 24 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Effectiveness of Textbook Character Education-Based in Madrasah Aliyah at Gorontalo <p>The objective of this study is to find out the effectiveness of character education in Madrasah Aliyah at Gorontalo. Four Madrasah Aliyah are used as research settings such as MAN Insan Cendekia, Madrasah Aliyah al-Khairaat, Madrasah Aliyah Muhammadiyah, and Madrasah Aliyah al-Yusra. The number of subjects in this study was 221 students divided into two groups control groups as many as 114 students and experimental groups of 107 students. In addition, researchers also involved four lecturers of the poetry appreciation universities. This study used an experimental method with an independent t-test model that compares the difference between the pre-test and post-test values ​​of the control class and the experimental class. The result of the analysis shows that the average score of the experimental group is 15.68 and the control group average is 10.86. Then an independent t-test result of the t-count is 5.087 along with a significance value of 0.000. Due to the significance of 0.000 &lt;0.05, the Ho was rejected and there was a significant difference between the pretest and the post-test, the experimental group and the control group. Thus, the character-based education is effectively used in higher education.</p> Burhanudin Abdul Karim Mantau Copyright (c) 2023 Burhanudin Abdul Karim Mantau Sun, 24 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Using Local-Wisdom Literature in Teaching English through Text-Based Method on Merdeka Belajar Curriculum <p>Literary text-based learning is interesting because literature learning in schools is often neglected. Literature learning often focuses on knowledge-based learning. The changing curriculum does not guarantee a change in the learning system in elementary school classrooms. Therefore, this study aims to describe the process of teaching and learning text-based literature at the elementary school level and its impact on students’ writing skills. Qualitative and quantitative descriptive methods were used. A qualitative method was used to describe the teaching and learning process in the classroom, while a quantitative method was used to assess learning outcomes. Techniques used were observation, interviews, and narrative writing tests, with the research object being three school teachers and 60 students from 3 schools in Samosir Regency. The results showed that the Seventh-Grade secondary school teachers in Samosir Regency do not yet understand text-based literature learning techniques fully, so teachers still use conventional methods. The results of teaching and learning activities on students’ ability to write narratives showed an average score of 73.27. This value has reached the Minimum Completeness Criteria (KKM) but has not yet been maximized because there are still obstacles.</p> <div id="annotate-plugin-fab" class="extension_reset_css AnnotateNet_widget AnnotateReviewNotesButton" style="display: none; z-index: 2147483644;" data-id="ExtensionFAB"> <div class="extension_reset_css AnnotateNet_widget annotateclickable" style="z-index: 8; display: none;" title="Resize" data-id="Widget"> </div> </div> Rehan Halilah Lubis, Besse Darmawati Copyright (c) 2023 Rehan Halilah Lubis, Besse Darmawati Sun, 24 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Discourse Analysis of Tujaqi Poetry: A Local Wisdom of Gorontalo in Respecting Leaders and Honour Guest <p>This study aims to describe the meaning of <em>Tujaqi</em> poetry in the traditional ceremony of receiving leaders or honour guests. The arrangement of words and sentences in <em>Tujaqi</em> is a message conveyed by traditional officials to guests or leaders. Appreciation for leaders or guests is expected that leaders and guests try to maintain behaviour from bad habits and maintain behaviour that is beneficial to other people, especially the people of Gorontalo who have been willing to welcome them kindly. This research used discourse analysis to analyse <em>Tujaqi</em> meaning. The procedures were collecting data, identifying unit analysis, segmenting the text, identifying language elements, analysing the meaning, and interpreting the context. The research showed that <em>Tujaqi</em> poetry was recited in <em>Pohutu Motombulu</em>, a traditional ceremony in welcoming a leader or honour guest. <em>Tujaqi</em> can be interpreted as the artistic creativity of the Gorontalo people, composed in the regional language which symbolizes that the Gorontalo people are proud of their regional language, and are pleased with their own variety of literature and culture so that they are considered equal to other regions.</p> Lamsike Pateda, Lisdawati Muda Copyright (c) 2023 Lamsike Pateda, Lisdawati Muda Sun, 24 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000