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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is 1,5 spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Manuscript submitted to Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal) must conform to the following guidelines:
Manuscript Language
Manuscript accepted is written in English. 

Manuscript and File Type

Manuscript should be written in one a half spaced (1,5) using Times New Roman in size 12. Paper A4 (with 3 cm from all margins) in Microsoft Word program (.doc, .docx, or .rtf) and on 3,000-6,000 words in length excluding References.

Manuscript format

1. Title, Abstract, and Keywords
The title of manuscript submitted to Al-Lisan: Jurnal Bahasa (e-Journal) should not exceed of total 15 words followed by an abstract of approximately 150 – 200 words underneath. The author should also provide 3 – 5 keywords underneath the abstract. The article should cover: (a) Title; (b) full name(s), affiliation(s), and e-mail of author(s); Abstract,  which includes objectives, method, findings of research, and keywords.
2. Introduction, Research Method, Findings and Discussion, Conclusion


Introduction contains background, rational, and / or urgency of research. Research theory (relevant literature or research), needs to be included in this section, its relationship with justification of research urgency, the emergence of research problems, alternative solutions, and solutions selected. How to write sources in the text need to clearly indicate the name of the author and source citation, in the form of the year of publication and the page where the manuscript is located.
An example is: ........ research results show that more than 70% of students have an interest in IT-based learning (Alvons, 2015: 6).
Problems and objectives, as well as the usefulness of research written narrative in paragraphs, no special subtitles. Likewise the operational definition, if deemed necessary, is also written narrative.
Introduction written with TNR-12 upright, with a space of 1.5. Each paragraph begins with a word that protrudes into 7 digits, or about 1 cm from the left edge of each column.

Research Method

Method should make readers be able to reproduce the experiment. Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described. Do not repeat the details of established methods.

Findings and Discussion

Findings should be clear and concise. The results should summarize (scientific) findings rather than providing data in great detail. Please highlight differences between your results or findings and the previous publications by other researchers.
The discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. In discussion, it is the most important section of your article. Here you get the chance to sell your data. Make the discussion corresponding to the results, but do not reiterate the results. Often should begin with a brief summary of the main scientific findings (not experimental results). The following components should be covered in discussion: How do your results relate to the original question or objectives outlined in the Introduction section (what)? Do you provide interpretation scientifically for each of your results or findings presented (why)? Are your results consistent with what other investigators have reported (what else)? Or are there any differences


Conclusions should answer the objectives of research. Tells how your work advances the field from the present state of knowledge. Without clear Conclusions, reviewers and readers will find it difficult to judge the work, and whether or not it merits publication in the journal. Do not repeat the Abstract, or just list experimental results. Provide a clear scientific justification for your work, and indicate possible applications and extensions. You should also suggest future experiments and/or point out those that are underway.

3. Citations and references

Cite the main scientific publications on which your work is based. Cite only items that you have read. Do not inflate the manuscript with too many references. Avoid excessive self-citations. Avoid excessive citations of publications from the same region. Check each reference against the original source (authors' name, volume, issue, year, DOI Number).
Every source cited in the body of the article should appear in the reference, and all sources appearing in the reference should be cited in the body of the article.
The sources cited should at least 80% come from those published in the last 10 years. The sources cited are primary sources in the forms of journal articles, books, and research reports, including theses and dissertations. Citations from journal should be at least 80% of the total references cited. The minimum references should at least come from 30 sources.
Quotation and references follows APA style and the latter should be included at the end of the article in the following examples:
For further detail, please see the Al-Lisan Template